Membuat Jaringan Komputer LAN Sederhana

Apabila sobat di rumah mempunyai  komputer lebih dari satu, dan masing-masing komputer ingin terhubung antara satu dengan yang lainnnya supaya bisa sharing data, printer, sharing koneksi internet dll, kita bisa lakukan dengan membuat  jaringan komputer LAN ( Local Area Network )  sederhana.


Pada postingan kali ini kita gunakan koneksi kabel yaitu menggunakan kabel data UTP (Unshielded twisted pair), yaitu standard kabel untuk koneksi jaringan LAN.
Komputer yang dipakai  pada saat ini umumnya sudah dilengkapi dengan LAN Card  atau disebut juga NIC (Network Interface Controller), atau Ethernet Card.




  • Kalau jumlah komputer yang akan dikoneksikan hanya dua  buah, kita hanya cukup menyediakan  satu buah kabel UTP dengan panjang sesuai jarak antara komputernya yang di kedua ujung kabelnya telah dipasangi konektor RJ-45(standard konektor untuk kabel LAN UTP) dengan konfigurasi Cross/ silang.





  • Kalau Jumlah komputer yang akan dikoneksikan lebih dari 2 buah, maka kita harus menambahkan suatu alat  yang bernama  Switch atau Hub. Pada saat ini harga sebuah switch untuk standard rumahan sudah sangat terjangkau .
Dari masing - masing komputer dihubungkan ke switch  menggunakan kabel UTP dengan konektor RJ-45 di kedua ujungnya dengan konfigurasi Straight/lurus.





  • Pemasangan konektor  pada kabel UTP bisa dibuat sendiri, tetapi untuk mudahnya sobat tinggal pergi saja ke toko komputer yang juga menyediakan  peralatan jaringan, dan tinggal bilang untuk membeli kabel UTP sekalian pasangkan konektornya dengan konfigurasi cross/silang  untuk koneksi komputer ke komputer(dua buah komputer), atau straight/lurus untuk  koneksi lebih dari 2 komputer /menggunakan switch.

Konfigurasi Alamat IP (Internet Protocol / TCP IP )
Agar dapat saling berkomunikasi , masing – masing komputer harus diberi alamai IP

Masuk ke Network Connection (Start-->Control Panel -->Network Connection  )
Pilih/dobel klik Local Area  Connection
Dobel klik pada Internet Protocol (TCP / IP)
Klik Use The following IP address, kemudian isi IP address dan subnet Mask
Misal,
komputer1  IP Address : 192.168.0.1
komputer2  IP Address : 192.168.0.2
komputer3  IP Address : 192.168.0.3
komputer4  IP Address : 192.168.0.4
dan seterusnya ......
Subnet Mask harus sama : 255.255.255.0


Untuk mengetahui berhasil tidaknya koneksi lakukan perintah ping dari komputer satu ke komputer lainnya
Misal dari komputer1 ke komputer2 :


  1. Di Komputer 1 :  Klik Start -->Klik Run-->ketik CMD --> klik OK,  maka akan tampil Command Prompt
  2. Ketik ping  192.168.0.2  tekan enter harus ada Reply dari komputer 2
  3. Lakukan perintah yang sama untuk mengetahui koneksi ke komputer yang lainnya.

Sumber : komputertipstrik.blogspot.com

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